Corona Year 2020
Significantly more walking and cycling in Baden-Württemberg
The corona crisis had a significant impact on mobility behaviour in 2020. Travel restrictions, short-time work and lockdowns resulted in people moving more close to home.
At the same time, there has been a change in the choice of transport mode - especially in the warm season, cycling and walking have increased strongly. Results of a representative survey conducted by the infas Institute for Applied Social Science on behalf of the Ministry of Transport in spring and autumn show: in May/June, the amount of traffic, i.e. the number of kilometres travelled per day on foot or by bicycle in Baden-Württemberg increased by 73 percent and 33 percent respectively compared to the previous year. Motorised means of transport recorded a sharp decline in transport effort. The often expressed assumption that the private car is the means of transport during corona is not true.
In October/November, people in Baden-Württemberg were less self-active on the road than in the spring. Only walking still recorded an increase, both in the amount of traffic and in the number of daily journeys made on foot for shopping, work or recreation. Overall, 20 percent more journeys were made on foot, measured against the comparative value of previous years for this time of year. Together, walking and cycling also achieved a slightly higher share of the total number of trips in the colder months, contrary to the trend, than in the periods before Corona.
In 2020, the State Ministry of Transport further intensified its promotion of cycling and walking. For example, it supports districts, cities and municipalities in staff development, conception, planning and construction of infrastructure as well as communication in the field of active mobility to an unprecedented extent. These efforts are also intended to contribute to health promotion. After all, exercise on foot or on a bike strengthens, for example, the immune system and the lungs, prevents cardiovascular diseases and has positive influences on the psyche.
Background: The infas Institute for Applied Social Science is conducting a research project on mobility in times of the Corona pandemic and findings for the mobility turnaround ("MOBICOR") on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) together with the WZB Berlin Social Science Center and other institutes. An essential component is representative surveys on transport behaviour in and after the corona pandemic. Like Bavaria and Hesse, the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Transport also commissioned a regional in-depth study to obtain representative findings specifically for Baden-Württemberg. In the first wave of the survey, 1,218 people aged 16 and over were interviewed in Baden-Württemberg from 19 May to 20 June 2020. The second survey is planned for autumn 2020, the third for spring 2021. The www.infas.de/mobico/ is available for download in the Google Play Store and Apple App Store.
The second survey took place in October and early November 2020 with 1,055 respondents in Baden-Württemberg. A third survey wave is planned for spring 2021.
The results reports will be published in German.