Survey on transport policy
Majority in favour of more bicycle and bus lanes, scepticism about higher parking fees
Traffic chaos, diesel crisis, climate debate - especially in the cities the call for alternatives to car traffic is getting louder. How the traffic turnaround is to be achieved, however, is controversial. A study sponsored by Stiftung Mercator and conducted by RWI - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research and the Berlin Social Science Research Center (WZB) shows that a majority is in favor of redistributing public space in favor of bicycles and public transport, even at the expense of parking spaces and lanes for car traffic. However, only a minority is in favour of higher parking fees, an increase in the price of diesel fuel and completely car-free city centres. Almost 7,000 German households took part in the survey.
The main results:
- Around 69 percent of those surveyed agree with the designation of separate lanes for buses and trains, while only 10 percent are against it. The expansion of bicycle lanes at the expense of car parking spaces is supported by 50 percent, while 28 percent oppose this proposal.
- The expansion of the infrastructure for electric mobility also receives a high level of approval (66 percent), while around 12 percent of those surveyed are against it.
- By contrast, more drastic interventions in car use are viewed more critically: Although around half of those surveyed are in favour of banning vehicles that exceed pollutant limits, the majority of those questioned are in favour of a driving ban. However, only 36 percent are in favour of higher taxation of diesel cars. Only 28 percent are in favour of a general ban on vehicles with combustion engines from 2035.
- Only 21 percent of those surveyed consider higher parking costs in city centres desirable, while 57 percent are against this measure. The vision of car-free inner cities also receives more rejection than approval.
- On average, approval of the transport policy measures under consideration is significantly higher in western Germany than in eastern Germany.
The survey by the market research institute forsa was conducted from April 23 to June 12, 2018. The heads of household of the forsa.omninet household panel were interviewed. This panel is representative of the German-speaking population aged 14 and over. The majority of the respondents completed the questionnaires via the Internet. A total of 7,823 household heads were interviewed, of whom 6,812 completed the questionnaire in full. The joint study by RWI and WZB was sponsored by Stiftung Mercator.
The study “Attitudes towards transport policy measures in Germany: results from a Survey of 2018“ (Präferenzen und Einstellungen zu vieldiskutierten verkehrspolitischen Maßnahmen: Ergebnisse einer Erhebung aus dem Jahr 2018) is available in German.