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Mobility in Germany (MiD) 2017

Cycle traffic share increases slightly - public transport is growing the fastest

Logo der Erhebung Mobilität in Deutschland (MiD)
Logo der Erhebung Mobilität in Deutschland (MiD) © BMVI

Every day, Germans travel about 3.2 billion kilometres (about 39 kilometres per person per day). As a result of the increase in population and employment, transport demand has thus reached a new peak level. The first results of the mobility study "Mobility in Germany (MiD)" are now available (the previous survey took place in 2008). Many states, municipalities and transport associations participated in the study of the Federal Ministry of Transport in order to deepen the results regionally. Over a period of one year, more than 150,000 households reported on their mobility. As the world's largest empirical study on private mobility, it provides an excellent basis for traffic planning. A report with initial results is now available, further differentiated results will be published in the autumn after completion of further analyses.

Highest growth in public transport


DThe car remains the dominant means of transport, accounting for three-quarters of passenger kilometres. In contrast to younger people and people living in cities, elderly people intensify their use of cars. In total, the car is losing shares to other modes of transport. The winner in the mileage balance is public transport with buses and trains, the share increases from 15 percent to 19 percent.

Nationwide, the share mode of cycling rises slightly to 11 percent

For the first time in decades there has been a considerable decline from 3.4 to 3.1 trips per person per day which may be caused by lower mobility rates among younger people and the importance of online trade and home office. The slight decline in footpaths also fits into this picture. The share of public transport has again risen to 10 percent in the road balance, while cycling has risen slightly nationwide to 11 percent. The car is used for 57 percent of all trips.

In the metropolises, the bicycle increases its share to 15 percent

On the other hand, "being mobile without a car" is more than a bussword in the metropolises. Less than 40 percent of trips are made by car, more than 20 percent by public transport, and bicycles increase their share to 15 percent. Around 14 percent of all households in the metropolises have registered for at least one car sharing offer. In small towns and villages in rural areas, alternatives to cars are rarely an option; 70 percent of journeys are made by car.

For the first time, the study uses the new regional statistical spatial typology (RegioStaR) for the mobility and transport research of the BMVI, with which the very large spatial differences in mobility habits can be distinguished very precisely.