You are here

Cycling Expertise

There's a broad demand for Germany's know-how in bicycle policy and infrastructural planning. The german bicycle portal contains a lot of resources: more than 8000 news, publications, research results and good practice examples. Internationally, the German language is a barrier to people who don't speak any German and planners and staff in Germany may easier learn from expertises from abroad, when they can get these information in German language. Funded by the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (2010-2012), the series "Cycling Expertise Files" contains German Bicycle Expertise in English language.

The complementary series "Forschung Radverkehr" contains international expertises and practice examples in German language.

Analysis

Developments in utilization of specific means of transport from 2002 to 2008 in Germany (total number of journeys per day)
Analysis-1/2010

Studies verify that the significance of bikes as a mean of transport has grown significantly over an extended period of time, and most particularly in recent years. They demonstrate that the intensity of bike use in a city or community depends on...

PDF icon Download pdf (584.91 KB)
Pedelecs
Analysis-2/2011

Small-sized, electrically assisted vehicles have originally held the image of serving the elderly and physically feeble. However, Pedelecs render steep slopes, head winds, long-distance commutes, and achieve higher speeds more easily for everyone...

PDF icon Download pdf (984.01 KB)
Ökonomische Effekte des Radverkehrs
Analysis-3/2011

As cycling is on the rise, bike-related sectors are increasingly seen as lucrative industries. Cycling has become an important component of tourism in Germany. The most important economic factor regarding the rise in bicycle use, however, is the...

PDF icon Download pdf (918.55 KB)
Klimaschutz durch stärkere Fahrradnutzung
Analysis-4/2010

In recent years the problem of worsening climate change has become indelibly embedded in the public consciousness. Successful promotion of cycling when travelling distances of five kilometres or less can make a large contribution to climate...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.08 MB)
Two men with bikes having a chat
Analysis-5/2012

Bicycle use partly differs greatly for each region, borough, and social group. A more detailed analysis of the bicycle use reveals differences according to age, gender, income, residential environment, ethnic background, values and attitudes, as...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.32 MB)
Mit dem Fahrrad zum Einkaufen
Analysis-6/2012

Against the backdrop of rising energy prices and changing lifestyles, more and more people are using the bicycle for their day-to-day trips. Emission-free mobility on two wheels is becoming increasingly important for shopping as well.

PDF icon Download pdf (1.1 MB)
Marking a new bike lane
Analysis-7/2012

Positive development of cycling is also due to the expansion of the cycle route networks. It is absolutely necessary to modify infrastructure for safety and partly also for capacity reasons. There is a variety of different solutions available...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.32 MB)
Unfallrisiken beim Rad fahren
Analysis-8/2012

The increase in road safety was not matched by similar cycling safety gains in Germany in recent years. Accidents involving cyclists are still part and parcel of the transport system. In general, key factors are the behaviour of road users, the...

PDF icon Download pdf (684.57 KB)
Cyclists in Berlin
Analysis-9/2012

The cycle mode share is an important indicator for the relevance of cycling in a city/town or municipality. It is influenced by a variety of factors. In order to underpin and evaluate political measures, sound methods are needed to assess and...

PDF icon Download pdf (989.72 KB)
Gesundheitsförderung und Rad fahren
Analysis-10/2012

Cycling offers positive health benefits to almost everybody. However, the type of cycling and level of intensity people engage in varies from person to person. Especially for people with little time for exercise, cycling to work is a good...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.17 MB)
Die Alterung der Gesellschaft und das Fahrrad
Analysis-11/2012

Independent mobility in old age has a high value in terms of maintaining private contacts and networks, maintaining physical fitness and running day-to-day errands. Traffic planning must respond to the specific safety requirements of older people...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.07 MB)

Infrastructure

Advisory "safety lane" in the carriageway - recommended in the ERA 2010 on cycling facilities
Infrastructure-2/2010

The new state of the art for cycling facilities offers a wide range of facility types. The ERA guidelines recommend to implementing the separation or integration approach, depending from specific conditions in the concrete urban space. In doubt,...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.34 MB)
Street space reserved for cycling
Infrastructure-2/2010

Main inner-city streets must meet the demands of bicycle and pedestrian traffic as well as cars and provide for loading areas, parking and bus traffic. The new state of the art for cycling facilities offers more options – most of which have...

PDF icon Download pdf (949.5 KB)
Fahrradparken im Wohngebiet
Infrastructure-3/2012

The provision of secure, well located bicycle parking at the place of residence is essential if people are to be encouraged to use a bicycle as a means of transport. The inconvenience of carrying the bicycle from the basement or the flat onto the...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.1 MB)
"Encounter zone" sign in Metz, France
Infrastructure-4/2012

The numerous innovative street designs that follow the shared-space approach, which is even anchored in the road traffic laws of some countries, are based on mutual respect between the road-users who share the street environment. Sophisticated...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.43 MB)
Guarded parking at The Hague cityhall
Infrastructure-5/2011

Bicycles become increasingly popular, and the demand for bicycle parking spaces is also on the rise. As parking spaces specially aimed at bicycles have often not been considered in street design, cyclists resort to fastening their bikes to walls...

PDF icon Download pdf (914.9 KB)
Germany's largest bicycle station in Münster
Infrastructure-6/2011

A train station is the ultimate multimodal node, where trains, buses, streetcars, bicycles, cars, and taxis all meet. Insufficient bicycle parking capacity often leads to obstructions for other train users, such as when bicycles tied to traffic...

PDF icon Download pdf (693.78 KB)
Directly turning left where signal control for motor vehicles is provided
Infrastructure-8/2012

The German cycling design standards, which have been developed on the basis of accident research, offer a wide spectrum of design concepts to provide safe cycle facilities for a variety of different situations.

PDF icon Download pdf (721.13 KB)
New housing area in Berlin
Infrastructure-9/2012

High cycling and walking levels already make for an attractive and vivid urban character of the street environment and thus the residential neighbourhood. Active travel such as cycling is very much a part of residents’ experience and their...

PDF icon Download pdf (1005.53 KB)
Roundabout in Wabern near Bern (Switzerland)
Infrastructure-10/2012

The interaction between road users entering the roundabout and those who are on the circulatory carriageway is negotiated in flexible processes. The interaction of road users is not controlled by a central system such as traffic lights at each...

PDF icon Download pdf (933.88 KB)
Example of standardised signposts in North Rhine-Westphalia with auxiliary signs indicating the Industrial Heritage Trail.
Infrastructure-11/2012

Cycle routes require a separate system of signing that is clear, recognisable and gapless. The standard that has been developed includes principles of network planning, a hierarchical system of destinations and specifications for sign design.

PDF icon Download pdf (1.21 MB)
Cycle street in Houten, Netherlands
Infrastructure-12/2012

The term 'cycle highways' denotes high-quality cycle paths that offer a direct connection between home and work. They allow users to cycle at a constant speed with relatively low energy expenditure because the routes are free of intersections (...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.36 MB)
The best solution in cases of high traffic density: enough space, indicated separate paths on the Baltic Sea island of Usedom
Infrastructure-14/2012

High proportions of pedestrian and cycling traffic are beneficial to cities. Regardless of the existing differences, it is important to focus on the commonalities between walking and cycling. Shared use is likely to be successful provided that...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.44 MB)
Erzbahntrasse bridge in the Ruhr region
Infrastructure-15/2012

Over the past years and decades, the German railway Deutsche Bahn has closed numerous rail lines, mainly in rural areas with decreased demand for passenger services. The conversion of disused railway lines makes it possible to develop safe and...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.18 MB)

Organisation

Cycling as a system - the guiding concept behind the German cycling promotion strategy
Organisation-1/2010

In 2002 the German Parliament passed a resolution to institute a National Cycling Plan.Within the period 2002–2012, the German federal government is supporting municipalities through projects and information and public relations initiatives in an...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.05 MB)
Cooperation and networking is part of cycle promotion
Organisation-2/2010

Horizontal municipal networks aimed at promoting cycling have been regionally established to help implement projects such as cycling routes. They pool municipal resources for cycling promotion at Land level and facilitate access to state funding...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.08 MB)
Cycling campaigns in urban space, Munich
Organisation-4/2012

Experience shows that cycling campaigns have become vital and cost-effective instruments to promote cycling. Especially when they enjoy political backing, communication activities can be conducive to higher cycling levels and better valorise...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.2 MB)
A seminar for cycling promotion
Organisation-5/2012

Broad-based knowledge transfer is one of the central success factors of cycling promotion in Germany. The established and offered formats make information about best practices accessible locally in a decentralised fashion. They also help...

PDF icon Download pdf (950.68 KB)
Bicycle counter in Copenhagen
Organisation-6/2012

The international cycling capitals use a wide range of political strategies and planning approaches. Nevertheless, there are some central characteristics that have generated positive results in many of the cities.

PDF icon Download pdf (1.12 MB)
A cycle path outside the built-up areas, near Arnhem, Netherlands
Organisation-7/2012

Providing safe cycle facilities in rural areas dependson the planning of cycle paths along the main roads – even if links already exist that are for recreational purposes and not suitable for everyday trips. It is essential to enable cyclists to...

PDF icon Download pdf (856.41 KB)
Measuring bike used by the Dutch Cyclists' Union, "Fietsersbond", to assess the cycling-infrastructure quality
Organisation-8/2012

In many European regions, the role of cycling has increased significantly in recent years. More and more people use cycling for their everyday travel. Efforts to promote cycling (input) and changes in travel behaviour (output) can be measured so...

PDF icon Download pdf (982.11 KB)

Service

Employees use cycling for their trip to work
Service-1/2012

Mobility management strategies can be pursued at regional or municipal level, but also at the level of an individual company; it often includes a combination of various strategies for action, such as information and consulting measures as well as...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.23 MB)
Infrastructure improvements at the secondary school in Bünde as a result of pupils discussion of dangerous traffic situations on the way to school
Service-2/2012

Travelling to and from school is often the first step in a child's independence. It can be promoted at any age: special programmes for nursery, primary and secondary schools are already being successfully implemented in many cities. Such...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.05 MB)
A40 highway in the Ruhr Area during "Still-Leben", attracting over three million visitors, of which two million on bikes
Service-3/2012

Car Free Days are becoming increasingly popular. They are highly promising tool to establish cycling as a mode of transport, to rally for an environmentally friendly transport policy, and to evaluate existing and/or needed cycle-friendly...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.25 MB)
The bicycle is perfectly suited for shopping convience goods
Service-5/2012

There is still untapped potential for increasing bicycle use for shopping. The implementation of successful strategies for increasing the percentage of shoppers coming to city centres by bike is usually dependent on the collaboration of multiple...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.37 MB)
Small bicycle stands for children's bikes
Service-6/2012

Integrating bicycle use into road safety education serves multiple purposes: it promotes the independent mobility of children and adolescents; it shapes their travel behaviour later in life, and creates awareness for an environmentally friendly...

PDF icon Download pdf (807.15 KB)
Munich Bike Night
Service-7/2012

Marketing actions are instruments for cycling promotion that have proven successful in ‘selling’ everything around cycling through creative and targeted measures. They can emotionalise cycling, reach new target groups and create a ‘good...

PDF icon Download pdf (2.23 MB)
A search result from a cycle route planner for the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany)
Service-8/2012

Mapping - Routing - Navigation for Cycling

Building a complete and coherent map of a cycle route network is a tremendous challenge. Cycling travel guides and cycle route maps have been produced, and digital media increasingly offer geofunctions. Also the users become involved – they help...

Campaign "Berlin nimmt Rücksicht" (Berlin takes care)
Service-9/2012

The basis for any road safety campaign is an assessment of the status quo to clearly identify the problem that is to be addressed by the communication activities. As a rule, campaigns should not be isolated activities conducted by individual...

PDF icon Download pdf (1.19 MB)
Citybike, Vienna
Service-10/2010

Bike rental systems offer new mobility options for spontaneous day-to-day travel, for commuters in city centres and peripheral employment centres, and for leisure cycling in the city and the region.

PDF icon Download pdf (991.82 KB)