For those people who use their bicycle as part of their daily routine and in their leisure time, cycling offers further advantages. It guarantees affordable mobility. Over distances of up to six kilometres it may even be the quickest way of travelling. And it also has many health benefits.
However, the NCP is addressed not only to the Federal Government but also, more importantly, to the federal states and local authorities. This is because, as part of Germany’s federal system, it is they who have prime responsibility for individual measures to promote cycling in local communities. In addition, the successful promotion of cycling requires support from trade associations, businesses and, not least, the general public. The present NCP (NCP 2020) covers the period from 2013 to 2020 and follows on seamlessly from the first NCP (NCP 2002-2012). In terms of content, it is not simply a continuation, but rather an evolution, because the promotion of cycling is now focused on the new transport and societal challenges. As part of an integrated transport and mobility policy, its aims go beyond the promotion of cycling and also encompass the strengthening of “ecomobility”, which comprises local public transport, walking and cycling.
In many places, the enhanced importance of cycling is manifested in growing modal shares of cycling and greater public attention. Germany is already in the top third of European countries in terms of cycle use. The NCP 2020 is designed to unlock the further potential inherent in cycling. The NCP 2020 describes the strategy to be used to evolve the promotion of cycling in Germany. To this end, it identifies the individual action areas, objectives and problem-solving strategies and sets out specific proposals for action. The title of the NCP 2020 – “Joining forces to
evolve cycling” – underscores the fact that the promotion of cycling is a challenge for society as a whole.
The NCP 2020 uses nine action areas to identify the major actions required for evolving cycling and describes/recommends the specific steps that have to be taken by the Federal Government, federal states and local authorities, each within their own sphere of responsibility. The topics of the action areas are interconnected. The “road safety” action area, for instance, contains aspects from both the “infrastructure” action area and the “communications” action area.
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