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National Cycling Plan 3.0

Deckblatt Nationaler Radverkehrsplan 3.0
Deckblatt Nationaler Radverkehrsplan 3.0 © BMVI

The National Cycling Plan is the Federal Government’s strategy for the promotion of cycling in Germany. It includes concepts, thematic focuses and concrete objectives that the Federal Government, federal states and local authorities as well as additional actors pursue within their field of responsibilities. All the actions and objectives of the NRVP 3.0 were coordinated in dialogue with professional associations and representatives from federal states and local authorities. The Plan also includes ideas that resulted from an online public participation.

Guiding objectives of the National Cycling Plan 3.0

  • Seamless cycling infrastructure in Germany
  • Germany to become a country of cycling commuters
  • Cycling at the heart of modern mobility systems
  • Cycling to become ubiquitous in urban and rural areas
  • Vision Zero for cycling
  • Urban cargo transport by bicycle
  • Germany to become a country of cyclists
  • Cycling to become intelligent, smart and connected

Cycling helps to tackle climate change and protect the environment

Cycling accounts for a sizeable and increasing share of the traffic volume in Germany. In addition, it can help to tackle many current and future transport and social challenges, because it has a positive impact on the environment, the climate, the quality of life in towns and cities and people's health. Against this background, the Federal Government attaches great importance to promoting cycling as part of a modern transport system in urban and rural areas.

The promotion of cycling benefits everyone, including those people who mainly use their car or walk. Because cycling is an environmentally friendly means of transport that does not produce noise or harmful emissions. It requires little space. In combination with local public transport and walking, it makes it possible to reduce the levels of motor vehicle traffic, especially in city centres, thereby tackling congestion and lowering pollutant and noise emissions. This is one of the main reasons why towns, cities and regions with a high modal share of cycling are usually rated as especially vibrant and liveable. In addition, cycling is an economic factor that is becoming increasingly important.

Cycling’s share of traffic to be increased

At present, about 11 per cent of all trips in Germany are made by bike. It is planned to increase this share significantly in the coming years - our neighbours Denmark and the Netherlands show that there is definitely an enormous potential in this field. In Denmark, cycling accounts for 18 per cent of traffic; in the Netherlands it is even higher at 27 per cent.

In order to increase the overall use of bicycles, many individual steps and packages of measures by all stakeholders will be necessary. The authorities at Federal, federal state and local level will have to make a team effort to encourage more people in Germany to switch to cycling in the future. A key prerequisite for getting people on their bikes is a good cycling infrastructure which makes cycling both convenient and safe.