30 euros per person per year for cycle traffic
Federal Cabinet has adopted the National Cycling Plan (NCP 3.0).
On 21. April 2021 Federal Cabinet has adopted the National Cycling Plan (NCP 3.0).
The NCP 3.0 is the strategy for the promotion of cycling throughout Germany and the guideline for the federal government, federal states, municipalities, business and science until 2030. The promotion of cycling is a joint task of the federal government, federal states and municipalities. The aim: More, better and safer cycling - in the city and in rural areas.
The NCP has been regularly updated since 2002. The current NCP expired at the end of 2020. At the National Cycling Congress 2019, Federal Minister Scheuer gave the starting signal for the NCP 3.0 and for the first time called on citizens to get involved in its development. Their most important concerns: seamless cycling networks and more road safety. Based on this, the contents and topics were developed together with representatives of the federal states, municipalities and associations such as ADFC, VCD, ADAC, Changing Cities, Deutsche Bahn, VDV, Zweirad-Industrie-Verband e.V. (German Bicycle Industry Association), and the German Institute of Urban Affairs (Difu).
The NCP sets specific goals for the cycling nation 2030:
- The number of trips will increases from around 120 in 2017 to 180 trips per person and year - without this being at the expense of the other modes of transport of the environmental alliance.
- The average length of trips made by bicycle will increase from 3.7 kilometres to six kilometres.
- Compared to 2019, the number of cyclists killed in traffic will be reduced
- by 40% – despite significantly more cycling.
- Financial support for cycling from the Federal Government, federal states and
- local authorities will be oriented towards around EUR 30 per person per year
- during the term of the NCP 3.0.
The NCP contains, among other things, the following proposals and recommendations for action
Promote a safe and seamless cycling infrastructure:
- When new federal, federal-state or district roads are built or extended, accompanying cycling infrastructures will also be generally built too.
- The federal government, federal states and local authorities will
- implement cycle priority routes and express cycle connections, especially in all metropolitan regions.
- The federal government will make it easier for municipalities to set up bicycle lanes.
- The technical standards and rules for planning cycling infrastructure will be supplemented with intersection alternatives with protected guiding systems as well as design recommendations for protected bike lanes.
- The special requirements for cargo bikes are to be given more consideration in future.
- Infrastructure for bicycles and motor vehicles should be separated as far as possible. Official regulations will set clear limits for use in mixed traffic in terms of
- vehicle traffic volume, share of heavy traffic and maximum vehicle speed.
- Municipalities use protected bike lanes, safe intersections, low-speed lanes and cycle lanes to safely separate cycling and motor vehicles in road traffic.
- Municipalities are gradually creating space for cycling in public spaces - also by converting car parking spaces. They will support this with the necessary parking space management for motor vehicle traffic together with concepts for loading and delivery traffic. Car parking spaces are concentrated in neighbourhood garages.
- The federal government initiates model projects to use public spaces flexibly and temporarily. Successful solutions are communicated nationwide and quickly transferred into broad application.
- The Federal Government and the federal states will develop a uniform design (‘corporate design’) for road markings and signposting for the German cycling network.
Bicycle parking facilities:
- The federal states will expand their funding programmes. The Federal Government will develop a programme of bicycle parking facilities at railway stations and provide funding. Together with DB AG, the Federal Government will expand the Bike & Ride campaign to build safe bicycle parking facilities.
- The specific need for bicycle parking facilities at stops and stations will be quantified in local transport plans. Local transport plans will contain binding statements regarding the provision of Bike & Ride facilities at stops and railway stations.
- Cities and municipalities will create bicycle parking facilities at public transport stations and stops.
- The Federal Government, federal states and local authorities
- will build bicycle parking facilities in sufficient quantity and quality at all
- public facilities. In areas with high demand and at the same time high
- competition for use, they will build bicycle parking garages as well as large,
- central parking facilities.
- The Federal Government will provide financial support to housing associations, homeowners’ associations, employers and retailers to build bicycle parking facilities in and at existing buildings.
- No new construction without readily accessible and high-quality bicycle parking! The Federal Government and the federal states will adapt the specifications in the model building code and the federal-state building codes.
- The Federal Government, federal states and local authorities will promote cultural change in the way road users interact with each other.
- Compliance with traffic rules must be consistently monitored and offences must be punished. The federal states will support the police and municipal authorities in their enforcement measures.
Promotion of business trips:
- Supported by the Federal Government, the federal states and local authorities, companies will introduce mobility budgets instead of company cars and thereby also promote bicycle use. Companies will expand their company bike leasing programmes.
- Public authorities and state-owned companies will create incentive models to promote the use of bicycles for business trips, create fleets of company bicycles and make greater use of cargo bike sharing services.
Administrations, education and training and culture of cycling:
- Cycling will become across-cutting issue at all levels of government. The Federal Government, federal states and local authorities will create administrative structures, jobs and permanent contact persons for the tasks of cycling promotion. They will provide for continuous professional development of managerial and technical staff.
- The Federal Government will set up a road transport academy with a range of training courses devoted to other topics of sustainable mobility in addition to cycling. The offering will be aimed at staff in the public sector as well as in planning and consulting firms.
Linking cycling and public transport:
- The Federal Government is committed to expanding the offerings for taking bicycles on long-distance trains.
- Public transport authorities will set rules for transporting bicycles when tendering services for local rail passenger transport.
- The federal states will promote possibilities for transporting bicycles on or in buses, especially in rural areas.
- Deutsche Bahn will support the transport of bicycles, including special bikes, on trains. To this end, it will make stationsbarrier-free, in particular, with ramps and lifts.
Logistics and cargo bikes:
- Where possible, public authorities and state-owned companies will increasingly tender transports as cargo/bicycle trips.
- The Federal Government and the federal states will revise building codes where necessary and encourage microdepots.
- Municipalities will facilitate the establishment of logistics areas in public spaces. Together with CEP services they will jointly design urban logistics concepts, such as microdepots or city hubs.
- The Federal Government will review rules for the compulsory use of bicycle lanes for cargo bikes.
- Municipalities will support the use of cargo bikes, for instance, by regulating access rights for bicycles.
- The Federal Government and the associations will work to create uniform European standards for cargo bikes, for instance, for interchangeable containers, digital interfaces and software solutions.